The foreign exchange market, also known as the Forex market, is the place where the buying and selling of foreign currencies take place. Being the largest market in the world in terms of trade volume, forex markets are highly liquid assets.
The forex merchant accounts are considered high risks because they see a large number of frauds and chargebacks. Being a global trading platform, no country can have authority over another country’s currency. Thus, there is a lack of regulation which makes forex merchant accounts and forex trading riskier. Further, numerous forex trading platforms have emerged these days and some of them aren’t even licensed. This can result in money laundering, fraud, and chargebacks.
As a forex trader, you might face a lot of challenges and have to take risks up to a certain level. Any investment that offers potential profits will have a downside risk as well. Since these risks are inevitable, the only way to deal with them and avoid losses is to have an in-depth understanding of the prevalent risks in forex trading. This article covers the major risks involved in the high-risk forex industry to help you understand them and trade effectively.
1. Leverage or Marginal Risks
In forex trading, leverage risk is very common. It means borrowing some money and using it to invest in foreign currencies. As you trade in margins, any small fluctuations in price may result in margin calls. Leverage acts as a double-edged sword where it can magnify both returns and losses. In a volatile market, aggressive use of leverage may lead to substantial losses.
2. Country Risk
While choosing to invest in certain currencies, you must check the stability of its issuing country. In many developing countries, the exchange rates rely on a stable and leading currency, such as the US Dollar(USD). In such cases, the central banks must ensure that there are enough reserves to maintain a fixed exchange rate. If the country has a frequent balance of payment deficits, its currency may face a significant devaluation which will, in turn, affect the forex market and its traders.
Forex trading is done on speculation and if the traders get to know about the devaluation of certain currencies, it may prompt them to withdraw their assets to avoid making any losses. You may also face a country’s risk when the nation intentionally devalues its currency. Sometimes, countries make their currency cheaper purposefully to make their trade more effective since cheaper currencies make the export less expensive.
3. Interest Rates Risks
The interest rate of a country has an impact on its exchange rates as well. When a country’s interest rate increases, the investors start investing in its currency for higher returns. This, in turn, strengthens the country’s currency. Conversely, if the interest rate declines, the currency also weakens since investors withdraw their investments. Due to dramatic changes in interest rates and exchange rates, the forex rates also keep on changing continuously.
4. Transaction Risks:
Transactions risks are the risks faced by individuals or companies made during financial transactions between different jurisdictions. This risk is the exchange rate risk that prevails before the transaction is settled.
The forex market operates 24 hours a day and during this time, the exchange rates may change even before the trade is settled. Thus, the time duration between the transaction and its settlement is the period of transaction risks. The greater the time between the two, the more is the risk. The traders may have to incur high transaction costs due to the fluctuations in the exchange risk. It can be alleviated by using forward contracts and options.
5. Counterparty Risks
A counterparty is defined as the company which provides assets to the investor in a financial transaction. Counterparty risks, also known as default risks, refer to the chance of the other party involved in the financial contract failing to fulfill its obligations.
During forex trading, the exchange or the clearinghouse may not guarantee spot and forward contracts on currencies. This risk majorly prevails during volatile market scenarios as the counterparty may refuse to comply with the contract.
To Sum It Up
Taking everything into account, it is evident that forex trading involves a high degree of risk. Since trading is done on speculation, these risks are unavoidable. But having a deeper knowledge and a well-thought plan before jumping into forex trading can ensure lower chances of losses. Make sure you don’t get tempted with thoughts of easy money while making trading decisions. Choose a trusted forex merchant account provider, do proper risk evaluation, and invest your money wisely to enjoy great returns.